Common conditions
Ankle & Foot Pain

About Ankle and Foot

Ankle and Foot injuries and in particular ankle sprains are some of the most common injuries seen by our therapists. Ankle sprains can occur during day to day situations, such as stepping awkwardly or slipping, and in sports and performance.

The ankle joint is formed by the bones of the leg (tibia and fibula) and the foot (talus), it is supported and held in place by various tendons, ligaments and muscles.

The foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints and over 100 ligaments. It is divided into three sections – the forefoot, the midfoot and the hindfoot.

Common Conditions affecting the Ankle & Foot

Arthritis of the foot and ankle

Although not common, arthritis can occur in the ankle or foot. The main types of arthritis affecting these areas of the body are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and posttraumatic arthritis.

Ankle impingement

This occurs when bone spurs, or osteophytes, develop on the front (anterior) aspect of the bones of the ankle. It is common in athletes.

Ankle dislocation

Occurs when the bones that make up the ankle joint are moved out from their normal positions. If you suffer from a dislocated ankle, it is very important to immediately get urgent medical care.

Metatarsal fractures

Metatarsals are a group of five long bones found in the midfoot. A fractured metatarsal is an injury that involves a break in one of these bones. Metatarsal fractures are most commonly caused by sudden trauma or impact to the foot. Stress fractures of the metatarsal can also develop gradually from overuse.

Morton’s toe

This is when your second toe is longer than your big toe. Morton’s toe can sometimes cause pain due to extra weight being put on the joint of the second toe, which can lead to load stress and callus formation.


People who have diabetes are more prone to having foot problems due to nerve damage and poor circulation.

A simple ankle or foot injury that is not treated properly can result in further injury or become a chronic issue that affects your normal or sporting life. A thorough assessment by one of our Osteopaths or Physiotherapists will be able to highlight what treatment would be best suited and whether the joints above or below are contributing to the problem.

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